By National Research Council, National Weather Service, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee, Panel on the Road Map for the Future
Panel at the highway Map for the longer term, nationwide climate provider Modernization Committee, fee on Engineering and Technical platforms, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide climate provider, nationwide study Council
In this learn, the committee explores methods the nationwide climate provider (NWS) can benefit from carrying on with advances in technology and expertise to fulfill the demanding situations of the long run. The predictions are concerned about the objective yr 2025. simply because particular predictions concerning the kingdom of technological know-how and know-how or the NWS greater than 25 years sooner or later usually are not solely actual, the aim of this file is to spot and spotlight developments which are probably to persuade swap. The Panel at the street Map for the longer term nationwide climate carrier constructed an confident imaginative and prescient for 2025 in line with advances in technology and expertise.
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Additional resources for A Vision for the National Weather Service: Road Map for the Future
The predictability of many atmospheric phenomena, especially mesoscale and smaller phenomena, are limited (although these limits have not been quantified). In general the largest scales of atmospheric motion, such as the long-wave patterns at the jet stream level, are more predictable than smaller scales of motion, such as those associated with thunderstorms. Thus, although jet stream patterns can be forecast routinely with some skill for a week or more, individual thunderstorms are usually predictable for only a few hours beyond the latest observation base.
Satellite constellations and clusters could provide significantly better coverage and open new approaches for calibration and data continuity (NRC, 1998c). Data from geostationary satellites are being used in numerical predictions and by local forecast offices for specialized products, such as stability indices and estimates of total precipitable water (potential rainfall). Thus, it is becoming increasingly apparent that GOES and polarorbiting satellite data sets will have to be used as a “mix” of observations throughout the NWS, at both national centers and local forecast offices.
The combination of two or more measurements gives the full wind vector, which is an important aspect of localized convective storms, which have highly variable winds. A single Doppler radar receiver can measure only the radial component of the wind velocity. Doppler radars have not yet been exploited to their full potential. Methods are being investigated to determine the full wind vector with a single radar (Wilson and Megenhardt, 1997). The resulting wind fields could be used to reconstruct the temperature and pressure fields that drive the motion of the air.
A Vision for the National Weather Service: Road Map for the Future by National Research Council, National Weather Service, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee, Panel on the Road Map for the Future