By Mira Ariel
Gaining access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents deals a thorough shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a basically pragmatic account to a cognitive account, by way of processing systems. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The thought of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the an important elements being the Salience of the antecedent, and the harmony among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an brilliant array of recent effects. the correct distribution of referring expressions in genuine discourse is at once envisioned. numerous universals of anaphoric kinfolk are acknowledged. hence, even though no longer all languages unavoidably have an identical markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the comparable functionality, Ariel indicates that all of them obey an identical Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This booklet can be obligatory studying for someone with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra mostly within the interplay among peripheral and principal cognitive platforms.
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Extra info for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents
This is precisely what my data reveal, though I have limited the distinction among definite descriptions to those consisting of one to two content words, as opposed to those descriptions which were longer. 2) shows them to be quite similar. This is precisely as we should expect it to be. Once a certain level Accessibility M arker is significantly enriched, it should reach a lower degree of Accessibility. The explicit details provided by the long definite descriptions make them as good retrieval devices as the rather shorter full names.
In fact, not so much to the discourse genre, as to the am ount of knowledge the speaker can assume to be available to the addressee. And this depends on the discourse topic more than on the text type. Thus, though the news items seem to be different from the fiction on the one hand, and from the editorials on the other, when, in a different study (Ariel 1985a), I divided the news items into Brand-New information (a piece on a robbery, for example) and the then current and hence repetitive news (pieces on the Lebanon war), it was found that the Brand-New news items pattern together with the fiction, while the two news items on Lebanon were closer to the editorial findings.
D on’t forget.  11Joan Smith / The Tyberias chief o f police has called up an investigation of the scandal. The Unity criterion confirms the low Accessibility of proper names. The ratio of first vs. 8 per cent vs. 2 below for precise numbers and data sources). Another difference between proper names and definite descriptions is that the former can also refer to clearly inaccess ible entities too. 4 But ALL of them were adjacent to some other description, the latter preceding the proper names in most cases, thus making the names part of a more complex type of referring expression (to be briefly mentioned later).
Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel
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