By Jacob Burckhardt
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Additional resources for Age of Constantine the Great
54 DIOCLETIAN : ADOPTIONS AND REIGN Dioclelian's break with Roman tradition was patent in more than one respect. At the beginning of his reign, for one thing, he showed no special mterest in the city of Rome itself. As late as the third century-the Emperors had as a rule lived on the, Palatine, perhaps less out of piety for its hallowed memories and the sanctuanes of the world capital than because its central situation, and its magmficence, and the wealth of pleasure it offered made it especially suitable for the impenal reSIdence, and because, besldes its anClent claims, it still retained a vestige of actual power.
The second half of the third century is an eIa which would surely gain in esteem if we had fuller knowledge of its personalities and the mobvation of theIr measures than our sources afford. Although the leading figures are not for the most part Roman in the strict sense, but rather Illyrian, that is to say, from the regIOns between the Adriatic and the Black Seas, nevertheless it was Roman culture and tradition, specifically in matters of war, that enabled them to become the new saviors of the ancient world.
Perhaps the striking mass of splendid buildings Wlth which Diocletian furnished the carping and dangerous Antiochenes was intended as a dlstraction from POhtlCai preoccupations. An10ng the bUlldmgs in Anhoch which are recorded by name are temples of Olympian Zeus, Hecate, Nemesis, and Apollo, a palace in the city and one in the suburb called Daphne, several baths and granaries, and a stadium; most of these were new bUIldings, some were restorahons. In Rome the public distributions and the games were not interrupted, it was only after the abdicahon of 305 that Galerius venhrred to abohsh all special conslderation for the anClCnt mistress of the world.
Age of Constantine the Great by Jacob Burckhardt
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