By Willard C. Matthias
This survey of greater than fifty years of nationwide defense coverage juxtaposes declassified U.S. nationwide intelligence estimates with lately published Soviet records disclosing the perspectives of Soviet leaders and their Communist allies at the similar occasions. Matthias indicates that U.S. intelligence estimates have been often right yet that our political and armed forces leaders normally overlooked them—with occasionally disastrous effects. The publication starts off with a glance again on the function of U.S. intelligence in the course of international battle II, from Pearl Harbor in the course of the plot opposed to Hitler and the D-Day invasion to the "unconditional quit" of Japan, and divulges how higher use of the intelligence on hand can have kept many lives and shortened the conflict. the subsequent chapters facing the chilly warfare reveal what info and recommendation U.S. intelligence analysts handed directly to policymakers, and likewise what occasionally sour coverage debates happened in the Communist camp, pertaining to Vietnam, the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban missile predicament, the turmoil in jap Europe, the Six-Day and Yom Kippur wars within the heart East, and the Soviet intervention in Afganistan. in lots of methods, it is a tale of overlooked possibilities the U.S. govt needed to behavior a extra liable international coverage which may have kept away from huge losses of lifestyles and big expenses on palms buildups. whereas no longer exonerating the CIA for its personal error, Matthias casts new mild at the contributions that target intelligence research did make throughout the chilly battle and speculates on what may need occurred if that evaluation and recommendation have been heeded.
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Additional info for America's Strategic Blunders: Intelligence Analysis and National Security Policy, 1936-1991
Until the inevitable collapse of capitalism occurs, the USSR is imperiled by the encircling ring of antagonistic capitalist states. The Soviet Union must therefore build up the power of the Soviet state and at the same time seize every opportunity to expand the “area of direct and indirect Soviet control” in order to provide “additional” protection to the vital areas of the Soviet Union. ” The writers of the estimate mentioned the Soviet withdrawal from Iran earlier in 1946 as a case in which the Soviets had yielded to strong diplomatic pressure from their wartime allies.
In it, he thanked those who were engaged in the ultra effort. ” 22 A much more detailed study of the 22. F. W. Winterbotham, The Ultra Secret (New York: Harper & Row, 1974), 3. I n t e l l i g e n c e Tr i u m p h s a n d F a i l u r e s i n W o r l d W a r I I 25 uses of ultra in the European theater is contained in Ronald Lewin’s Ultra Goes to War, published in 1978. His book tells the ultra story in the European theater in great detail from the inception of the communications intelligence effort to the final German defeat in 1945.
What would the victors do? 44 A m e r i c a ’s S t r a t e g i c B l u n d e r s Would the occupiers simply become the new interventionists? Would they subject the occupied nations to a new kind of cultural and political imperialism? Or would they allow the former German, Italian, and Japanese satellites to become free and independent states? And would they allow the old colonies in Africa and Asia to become nations and to forge their own futures? Those were some of the questions which the new intelligence system was designed to answer.
America's Strategic Blunders: Intelligence Analysis and National Security Policy, 1936-1991 by Willard C. Matthias
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