By Mike Paine
Western civilization all started with the Greeks. From the highpoint of the fifth century BC in the course of the cultural triumphs of the Alexandrian period to their influence at the constructing Roman empire, the Greeks formed the philosophy, paintings, structure, and literature of the Mediterranean international. starting with the Homeric interval, as soon as believed to be a realm of fantasy, Paine takes the reader on a trip through more than 12 centuries of Greek tradition. He indicates what archaeologists have published of the Trojan Wars and Mycenae, outlines the glories of Athens at its peak, and offers a gripping narrative of the fight among the Greeks and the robust Persian empire. The consultant additionally highlights the careers of significant political and armed forces leaders, akin to Pericles and Alexander the nice, and explores the significance of serious philosophers, together with Plato and Aristotle. Dramatists and demagogues, stoics and epicureans, aristocrats and helots all take their position within the unfolding tale of Greek fulfillment.
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Extra resources for Ancient Greece (Pocket Essential series)
71 Another suggestion has been that Athens and Argos were thrown together by the logic of the situation, and that Alcibiades’ intervention in fact made little difference but Alcibiades exaggerated its importance when he himself (as the champion of this view believed) told Thucydides about it later. 74 It must at least have been a public fact that in the assembly Alcibiades denounced the Spartan embassy, although Endius was a member of it, and argued against a settlement with Sparta. What happened in the council and in private conversations must be less certain.
Above), and this is likely to have been particularly true in Pericles’ household. 18 The Socratic memoirs of Xenophon, known as the Memorabilia, include a conversation between Alcibiades (‘not yet twenty years old’) and Pericles on the nature of law, which displays similar cleverness: Alcibiades induces Pericles to say that law is whatever the assembly enacts, or indeed whatever the ruling body of whatever kind in any state enacts; but he then argues that whatever the ruling body, even a democratic assembly, enacts without gaining the consent of the subjects is violence and illegality.
He is a man about whom the truth is exceptionally hard to rescue from the caricature of him by Aristophanes in Clouds in 423 and from the presentations of him by Plato and by Xenophon in the fourth century, but it seems clear that, from whatever mixture of motives on his side and on theirs, he did attract upper-class young men to him, and he did among other things see it as his duty to teach them how to think. One other lover is said to have been well treated by Alcibiades. 39 He had the tail of his dog cut off, allegedly so that the Athenians should talk about that rather than about worse things he had done.
Ancient Greece (Pocket Essential series) by Mike Paine
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